Exclusivity of Heritage

A Study into the Consequences of Defining Heritage in Materiality, Using Xiaozhou Village in China as an Example


  • Introduction
  • Literature review
    • Critical heritage studies in Western context
    • Heritage studies in China
    • Heritage studies surrounding urban villages
    • Discussion on relevance of discussing built heritage
  • Methodology
    • Ethnographic
  • Background
    • Xiaozhou Village
  • Basis: heritage creates power
    • Self-referential
    • Are we going to be critical about this too? 
  • Situation: Built heritage is defined through materiality
    • Reactionary return to the past amidst urbanisation
    • Ownership is centralised, identity is uniform
    • Material is objective
  • Problem:
    • Exclusivity
      • Time, rhetoric of the past, reactionary (past vs. present)
      • Power is concentrated, heterogeneity disregarded
      • Materiality is non-constant and subjective
  • Solution: redefined as cultural process
    • Inclusivity: creates power in the people
  • Alternative argument
    • Use changes and are not tracked
    • Materiality is