The traditional way of connecting timber to brick in the village was to simple place it on top, there is very little concern for the potential horizontal forces during mud slides and other natural disasters. The solution that we introduced was to have metal plates connected to the timber and casting the metal plate into the brick column with concrete.
There were issues surround the structural stability of the supporting columns going into the construction. Additional walls and timber members were introduced to improve the structure’s resistance to horizontal shear forces, tying all of the supporting members together into a connected structure. It was also important that these additional walls and timber members are tied into the brick columns during their construction.
(Above) Example of an untied brick wall – the columns had to be demolished and rebuilt to be tied in with the wall. That caused some friction with the bricklayers who were used to simply placing everything on top of each other.
(Above) Timber inserted into the brick columns to improve its structural connectivity on the whole.
The local bricklayer’s typical method of making laying bricks were called into question. There was insufficient amount of mortar placed between the bricks and most of the bricks are vertically connected to each other, but not horizontally. This was a worrying phenomenon observed, especially when there were flooding and mud slide in the area in the recent years.
(Above) Bricklayer’s way of making foundation walls.
Suggestion to place mortar in between bricks.
The ground was first prepared by digging a flat surface and holes for the brick foundation.
Strings were used to make straight lines following the designs of the building. Brick foundation was used before the columns.