On the last day, we visited two buildings in Shanghai, one slaughter house built in 1920s and Shanghai Centre finished in 2015. The former was an Arts and Crafts building purpose built as a slaughter house. Made in concrete and with the architect unknown, the design was different from any building found in Shanghai.
The common themes during the morning speeches:
- Heritage is not about admiring heritage itself but the value for development
- Man = heritage/heritage = man
- Heritage is not static
- Heritage needs to be more process-driven and contribute to urbanisation
- Destruction of heritage in China is too fast = protection is not fast enough
- Culture as driver
- Combine theory and practice
- Heritage as an asset/resource
Alain Marinos from Chaillot in Paris
- Case studies of heritage places utilized by the new generation and ‘third spaces’ in France
- La Halle Pajol in Paris, his son works in there as one of the start-ups
- Parc de la Vilette by Tsumi
- The project is started by the community
- It is from the ground up and government performs a supporting role to enable its visualisation
- The government has since then been able to use this as a case study to support other kinds of community activities
- What is essential is the community and their initiative
陈薇教授 from Northeast University
- Jin Ling Da En Temple and Tower
- The tower had a heritage that existed in words, not in physical form
- That is representative of Chinese heritage which was transmitted differently than Western heritage
- The tower exists as ruins in some parts and completely absent in others
- Different sections merit different strategies of conservation
- Based on their historical importance
- Issue of authenticity is key
- How do you connect pieces?
- How do you reconstruct history?
- Framework is the most important to connect the pieces
- From that people would be able to perceive and imagine with and within the framework – they can become active participants
- That framework knowledge is understood through surveying and evaluating
- Regeneration of ceramic industrial heritage in Jingde Town
- Intangible heritage and transmission/dissemination
- Three key pointers
- Conservation through social and economic development
- Public space and urban infrastructure
- Continuity of craftsmanship
- Use industry as a driver of urban development (also providing employment)
Built Heritage: A Cultural Motivator for Urban and Rural Development
In terms of ICCROM, the international organisation is more focused on training in the heritage sector. In terms of size, the order would be UNESCO > ICOMOS > ICCROM. In terms of operations, UNESCO takes charge of listing, ICOMOS takes charge of recommendations and identification and ICCROM in terms of training and education of people in practice. ICOMOS has been referred by people in the field (e.g. Matthias) as a ‘black box’, talking about its dire need to be more transparent and become less of a club and more of an inclusive organisation. UNESCO’s top-down approach of Charters and documents have also been commented on as being not effective on the ground, or even not been cared about. The ICCROM is, on the other hand, a much less known branch in built heritage. However, it is associated with WHITRAP, a training arm of UNESCO and was started in Suzhou, as an initiative by the Chinese government to bring people together since 2004.
List of talks during the event:
At the Bau Congress, I attended a Chinese Architecture Talk that focused on China 2020: The Rural and the Urban. During the series of talks, there were projects looking at development of the rural village and urban historic districts. Professor Liu Boying for example, spoke about the Kuan-Zhai Alleys in Chengdu and the preservation of the historic urban district holistically in the city.
(video from the Kenvision)
Kuan Zhai Alleys is marked as ‘Distinguished Historical Commercial Streets’ (特色历史商业街区) and a success example of historic urban preservation. However, the commercialisation and middle-class-ification of the streets makes one wonder how success is measured. It seems that gentrification is an unavoidable (and here as in Baitasi, an unvoiced) effect of urban redevelopment.
One other interesting project is titled ‘Vague Architecture Design’ by He Wei. His project sets in a rural village and focuses on a restoration of a old grain warehouse into an active workshop space for the production of oil. By reactivating the traditional methods of making oil and turning it into a visible process for exhibition and participation, the project turned the building into a space of economic production and new connection between the rural village and interested urban residents.
More details on: http://www.archcollege.com/archcollege/2015/11/22223.html