Ashworth, JE & Tunbridge, G. J. 1995. Dissonant Heritage: The Management of the Past as a Resource in Conflict. Here.

Bryne, Denis, 2014, Counterheritage: Critical Perspectives on Heritage Conservation in Asia. Introduction. (kindle)

Cairns, Stephen and Jacobs, Jane M. (2014), Buildings Must Die: A Perverse View of Architecture (own) Excerpts, Biblio

Collins, George R. and Collins, Christiane Crasemann, 1986, Camillo Sitte: The Birth of Modern City Planning (own) Camillo Sitte: The Birth of Modern City Planning

Foscari, Giulia, 2014, Elements of Venice (own) Elements of Venice

Girouard, Mark, Cities and People

Harrison, Rodney, 2013, Heritage, A Critical Approach (kindle) Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 5

Harvey, D.C. (2001) ‘Heritage Pasts and Heritage Presents: Temporality, Meaning and the Scope of Heritage Studies’, International Journal of Heritage Studies 7( 4): 319– 338. Here.(pdf)

ICOMOS China Charter, 2015, foreword. (pdf)

Moll-Murata, Christine, 2008, Chinese Guilds from the 17th to the 20th Centuries: An Overview in Return of the Guilds, Lucassen, Jan, De Moor, Tine and Luiten van Zanden, Jan (eds), pp 213-247 (physical book) Here.

Mumford, Lewis, 1961, The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects (amazon)

Murphy, Richard, 2014, Lecture on Carlo Scarpa (YouTube) Carlo Scarpa (in Richard Murphy’s Lecture) also available at

Pendlebury, John, 2008, Conservation in the Age of Consensus, Introduction (kindle)

Ridout, Brian, 2013, Timber Decay in Buildings, The Conservation Approach to Treatment Timber Decay in Buildings

Rowe, Colin, 1978, Collage City (pdf) PDF online; in folder D:\[Texts]

Scappettone, Jennifer, 2014, Killing the Moonlight: Modernism in Venice (own) Killing the Moonlight

Sennett, Richard, 2008, The Craftsman (pdf) Prologue, Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3

Smith, Laurajane, 2006, Uses of Heritage, Part I Chapter 1, Part I Chapter 2, Part II, Part III, Conclusion

Tunbridge, JE and Ashworth, GJ, 1996, Dissonant heritage: the management of the past as a resource in conflict, Introduction (pdf)

UCL, Selected Reading List from UCL

Reading List on Cultural Heritage

Selected from UCL Archaeology Department, Critical Perspectives on Cultural Heritage

Affleck, J, Yehuda Kalay, Thomas Kvan, (eds) , 2008, New Heritage: New Media and Cultural Heritage

Aikawa-Faure, N., 2009. From the Proclamation of Masterpieces to the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Alivizatou, M., 2012. The Paradoxes of Intangible Heritage. In: M. L. Stefano, P. Davis & G. Corsane (eds), Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, pp. 9-22.

Anderson, B., 1983. Imagined Communities. London: Verso.

Andrea Witcomb & Kristal Buckley AM (2013) ‘Engaging with the future of ‘critical heritage studies’: looking back in order to look forward’, International Journal of Heritage Studies, 19(6), 562-578.

Anico, M. and Peralta, E., 2009, (eds). Heritage and Identity- Engagement and Demission in the Contemporary World. London: Routledge.

Appadurai, A., 1986. The social life of things: commodities in cultural perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Augé, M., 1995. Non-Places. Translated by John Howe. London and New York: Verso

Aykan, B., 2015. Patenting’ Karagöz: UNESCO, nationalism and multinational intangible heritage. International Journal of Heritage Studies May 2015, pp. 1-13.

Bal, Mieke, 1985. Narratology: introduction to the theory of narrative. 2nd Edition. Toronto and London: University of Toronto Press.

Barthel-Bouchier, Diane and Hui, Ming Min, 2007. Places of Cosmopolitan Memory. Globality Studies Journal 5(7).

Barthes, Roland, 2000. The blue guide. In: R. Barthes and Lavers, A. (eds), Mythologies. London: Vintage, pp. 74-77.

Basu, P. and Coleman, S. M., “Introduction: migrant worlds, material cultures” in Mobilities, 3(3), 2008, pages 313-330.

Beck, Ulrich, 2000. The Cosmopolitan Perspective: The Sociology of the Second Age of Modernity. The British Journal of Sociology 51(1), pp. 79-105.

Bender, Barbara, Landscape : politics and perspectives, Berg, 1993. Note: Esp. Intro. and ‘Stonehenge – Contested Landscape’: 205-245

Benton, T., and Curtis, P., 2010. The Heritage of Public Commemoration. In: T. Benton (ed.), Understanding Heritage and Memory. Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 44-87.

Bevan, R., 2006. The Destruction of Memory: Architecture at War. London: Reaktion Books

Bhabha, H.K., 1994. The Location of Culture. London and New York: Routledge.

Boldrick, S. & Clay, R. (eds.) 2007. Iconoclasm: Contested Objects, Contested Terms. (London: Ashgate)

Boniface, Priscilla, Fowler, P. J, Heritage and tourism in “the global village”, Routledge, 1993. Note: Esp. Intro. Chapters 1, 3, 4 & 11

Bourdieu, Pierre, 1984. Distinction: a social critique of the judgement of taste. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Boym, S, 2001. The Future of Nostalgia. New York: Basic Books.

Britton, S, G., “The Political Economy of Tourism in the Third world” in Annals of tourism research, 9, 1982, pages 331-358

Brown, Michael, “Can culture be copyrighted?” in Current anthropology, 39(2), 1998, pages 193-222

Butler, B. 2006, Heritage and the Present Past. In: C. Tilley et al. (eds), Handbook of material culture London: Sage, Chapter 29.

Butler, B., 2006 b, “Three Concepts” – Hospitality, Cosmopolitanism and Human Dignity: Reconceptualising Heritage Futures. Archaeologies: The Journal of the World Archaeological Congress 2(2), pp. 67-69.

Carr, David, 2003. The promise of cultural institutions. Walnut, CA: AltaMira Press.

Chaplin, Sarah, Stara, Alexandra. 2009. Curating architecture and the city. London: Routledge

Chappell, E.A., 1999. Open-Air Museums: Architectural History for the Masses. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 58(3), pp. 334-341.

Cleere, H, 2000. The World Heritage Convention in the Third World. In: F. McManamon and A. Halton (eds), Cultural Resource Management in Contemporary Society. London: Routledge, pp. 99- 106.

Cleere, H., “Cultural Landscapes as world heritage” in Conservation and management of archaeological sites, 1(1), 1995, pages 63-68

Cleere, H., “The concept of ‘outstanding universal value” in Conservation and management of archaeological sites, 1(4), 1996, pages 227-233

Cleere, H., “The World Heritage Convention in the Third World” in Cultural resource management in contemporary society : perspectives on managing and presenting the past by McManamon, Francis P, Hatton, Alf, Routledge, 2000, pages 99-106   

Cleere, H., “The World Heritage Convention: Management by and for whom?” in A future for archaeology : the past in the present by Ucko, Peter J, Layton, Robert, Shennan, Stephen, Stone, Peter G., UCL Press, 2006, pages 65-74

Cleere, H., 1995. Cultural Landscapes as world heritage. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 1(1), pp. 63-68.

Cleere, H., 1996. The concept of ‘outstanding universal value’ in the World Heritage Convention. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 1(4), pp. 227-233.

Cleere, H., 2001. Uneasy Bedfellows: Universality and Cultural Heritage. In: P. Stone, R. Layton and J. Thomas (eds). Destruction and conservation of cultural property. London: Routledge, pp. 22-29.

Cleere, H., 2006. The World Heritage Convention: Management by and for whom? In: P. Ucko, R. Layton, S. Shennan and P. Stone (eds). A future for archaeology: the past in the present. London: UCL Press, pp. 65-74.

Clifford, James, 1988. The predicament of culture: twentieth-century ethnography, literature, and art. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, Note: ‘On collecting art and culture’, pp. 215- 250.

Cohen, E., “Authenticity and Comodification in Tourism” in Annals of tourism research, 15(3), 1988, pages 371-386

Coleman, Simon, Eade, John, 2004. Reframing pilgrimage: cultures in motion. London: Routledge. Note: Introduction.

Conil-Lacoste, Michel, The story of a grand design : Unesco 1946-1993, people, events and achievements, Unesco Publishing, 1994

Coombe, Rosemary J, The cultural life of intellectual properties: authorship, appropriation, and the law, Duke University Press, 1998

Daly, P. and Winter, T., (eds), 2012. Routledge Handbook of Heritage in Asia. London and New York: Routledge.

De Jong, F. 2007. A Masterpiece of Masquerading: Contradictions of Conservation in Intangible Heritage, in: De Jong, F. and Rowlands, M. (eds) Reclaiming Heritage: Alternative Imaginaries of Memory in West Africa, 161-184. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.   

Derrida, J. 2002b. On Cosmopolitanism and Forgiveness. London and New York: Routledge.

Derrida, J. and Prenowitz, E., 1996. Archive fever: a Freudian impression. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Derrida, J., 2002a. Ethics, Institutions and the Right to Philosophy. Plymouth: Rowan & Littlefield.

Domanska, E., 2006. The Material Presence of the Past. History and Theory, 45, pp. 337–348.

Dorfman, E. (ed,) Intangible Natural Heritage – New Perspectives on Natural Objects Heritage Trouble: Recent Work on the Protection of Intangible Cultural Property, International Journal of Cultural Property 12 (1): 40-61 Ruggles & H. Silverman (eds), Intangible Heritage Embodied. London & New York: Springer, pp.1-14.

Fairclough, G., Harrison, R., et al., 2007. The Heritage Reader. London: Routledge.

Foucault, M., 1989. The order of things: an archaeology of the human sciences. London: Routledge.

Friedman J., “The Past in the Future: History and the Politics of Identity” in American anthropologist, 94(4), 1992, pages 837-859

Gillis, J. R., 1994. Memory and Identity: The History of a Relationship. In: J. Gillis (ed.), Commemorations: the politics of national identity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 3- 24.

Graham, B. and P. Howard (2008) ‘Heritage and Identity’, in B. Graham and P. Howard (eds) The Ashgate Companion to Heritage and Identity, London: Ashgate, pp. 1– 17. (kindle)

González-Ruibal, A. 2008. Time to destroy. An archaeology of supermodernity. Current Anthropology 49(2): 247-279

Hafstein, V. Tr., 2009. Intangible heritage as a list: from masterpieces to representation. In: L. Smith & N. Akagawa (eds), Intangible Heritage, pp. 93-111.

Hall, S., 2000. Whose heritage?: un-settling ‘the heritage’, re-imagining the post nation. Third Text, 49, pp. 3-13. *Introductory session article

Harrison, David, Hitchcock, Michael, The politics of world heritage: negotiating tourism and conservation, Channel View Publications, 2005

Harrison, R., 2013. Heritage: Critical Approaches. London and New York: Routledge.

Harrison, Rodney. 2013. ‘Forgetting to remember, remembering to forget: late modern heritage practices, sustainability and the ‘crisis’ of accumulation of the past.’ International Journal of Heritage Studies 19(6), pp. 579-595

Harrison, S., “Identity as a scarce resource” in Social anthropology, 7(3), pages 239-251

Hell, Julian and Schönle, Andreas (eds). 2010. Ruins of Modernity. Durham NC and London: Duke University Press. Note: all chapters good but esp. Intro

Hewison, Robert, 1987. The Heritage Industry: Britain in a climate of decline . London: Methuen, Note: introduction, chapter one.

Hicks, D. and Beaudry, M., eds., 2010. The Oxford Handbook of Material Culture Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hobsbawm, E., and Ranger, T., 1983. The Invention of Tradition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Holtorf, C. & Fairclough, G., 2013. The New Heritage and re-shapings of the past. In: A. GonzalezRuibal (ed.) Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity. (London & New York: Routledge), pp. 197-210   

Holtorf, C. and Piccini, A. (eds), 2009. Contemporary Archaeologies: Excavating Now. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.   

Holtorf, C., “Is the Past a Non-Renewable Resource?” in Destruction and conservation of cultural property by Stone, Peter G., Layton, Robert, Thomas, Julian, Routledge, 2001   

Holtorf, C., 2013. On Pastness: A Reconsideration of Materiality in Archaeological Object Authenticity. Anthropological Quarterly, 86 (2), 427–443.

Huyssen, A., 1995. Twilight Memories: Marking time in a culture of amnesia. New York and London: Routledge

Huyssen, A., 2006. Nostalgia for Ruins. Grey Room 23(Spring), pages 6-21

Huyssen, Andreas. 2010. Authentic Ruins: Products of Modernity. In: Julia Hell and Andreas Schönle (eds). Ruins of Modernity. Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, pages 17-28.

Hylland Eriksen, Thomas, 2003. Between universalism and relativism: a critique of the UNESCO concept of culture. In: J. Cowan, M. Dembour, and R. Wilson (eds), Culture and rights: anthropological perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 127-148.

Ingold, T., 1996. Key Debates in Anthropology. London: Routledge.

Jacobs, Jane, 1996. Edge of empire: postcolonialism and the city, London and New York: Routledge, Note: “Authentically Yours: Detouring the Map” pp. 132-163.

Jones, Sian, 2009. Experiencing authenticity at heritage sites: some implications for heritage management and conservation. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 11(2), pp. 133-147.

Jones, Sian, 2010. “Negotiating authentic objects and authentic selves: beyond the deconstruction of authenticity.” Journal of Material Culture 15(2), pp. 181-203.

Jones, Sian, 2010. Monuments, memory and identity: exploring the social value of place. Conservation Bulletin 63, pp. 22-24.

Keyan Titchen, S. M., 1996. On the Construction of ‘Outstanding Universal Value’: Some Comments on the Implementation of the 1972 UNESCO World Heritage Convention, Conservation and management of archaeological sites 1(4), pp. 235-242

Kingston, S., “Review article on Authenticity” in Journal of material culture, 4(3), 1999

Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, B, 2004, Intangible Heritage as Metacultural Production, “Intangible Heritage as Metacultural Production.” in Museum, 56(1-2), pages 52-65

Kreps, C, 2008. “Indigenous Curation, Museums and Intangible Cultural Heritage.” In: Kreps, Christina F, Liberating culture : cross-cultural perspectives on museums, curation, and heritage preservation, Routledge, 2003. Note: Esp Ch4: Reclaiming the spirit of culture: native Americans and cultural restitution.

Kreps, Christina, 2003. Liberating culture: cross-cultural perspectives on museums, curation, and heritage preservation. London and New York: Routledge, Note: CHAPTER 3 Note: Chapter 3, pp. 46-78.

Labadi, S. and Long, C. (eds), 2010. Heritage and Globalisation. London and New York: Routledge, Note: pp. 192-201.

Latour, B., 2002. What Is Iconoclash? Or Is There a World Beyond the Image Wars? [see ICONOCLASH%20PDF.pdf

Latour, Bruno, Weibel, Peter, 2005 .Making things public: atmospheres of democracy. Karlsruhe: Center for Art and Media in Karlsruhe.

Lee, C., 2014. ‘Welcome to London’: Spectral Spaces in Sherlock Holmes’s Metropolis. Cultural Studies Review, 20(2), pp. 172-195

Legg, S., 2004. Memory and Nostalgia. Cultural Geographies 11(1), pp. 99-107

Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 1977. Structural anthropology. Harmondsworth: Penguin, Note: History and Anthropology.

Lidchi, H., “The Poetics and Politics of Exhibiting Other Cultures” in Representation : cultural representations and signifying practices by Hall, Stuart (ed.), Sage in association with the Open University, 1997, pages 119-219.

Lowenthal, D., 1975. Past time, present place: landscape and memory. Geographical Review 65, pp. 1-36 (pdf)

Lowenthal, David, 1985. The past is a foreign country. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (pdf)

MacDonald, S., 2013. Memorylands: Heritage and Identity in Europe Today. London and New York: Routledge. [E-Book]

McBryde, I., “The Ambiguities of authenticity – rock of faith or shifting sands?’ Nara Conference on authenticity in relation to the World Heritage Convention” in Conservation and management of archaeological sites, 2, 1997, pages 93-100

Merriman, N., 1996. Defining Heritage. Journal of Material Culture 1(3), pp. 377-386. Millenson, Susan Feinberg, 1987. Sir John Soane’s Museum. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press

Merryman J., “Two ways of thinking about cultural property” in The American journal of international law, 80, 1986, pages 831-853

Meskell, L., 2010. Human Rights and Heritage Ethics. Anthropological Quarterly 83(4), pp. 839–860.

Messenger, Phyllis, Fagan, Brian, 1999. The ethics of collecting cultural property: whose culture? Whose property?. 2nd Edition. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press.

Miller, D., 2007. Artefacts and the meaning of things. In: S. Knell (Ed.), Museums in the material world. London and New York: Routledge, 2007, pp. 166-186.

Miller, D., 2008. The comfort of things. Cambridge: Polity, Note: read ‘Prologue’, ‘Portrait 1: Empty’, ‘Portrait 2: Full’

Mitchell, J. P., 2006. “Performance” in: Handbook of Material Culture by Tilley, Chris. Sage, pages 384-401.

Moshenska, G., 2012. Unbuilt Heritage: Conceptualising Absences in the Historic Environment. In: S. May, H. Orange, and S. Penrose, (eds), The Good, the Bad and the Unbuilt: Handling the Heritage of the Recent Past. Oxford: Archaeopress, pp. 123–126. 

Myers, F., 2001. The empire of things: regimes of value and material culture. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press.

Nas, P.J.M., “Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Culture: Reflections on the UNESCO World Heritage List” in Current anthropology, 43(1), 2002, pages 139-148

Nash,D., The Anthropology of Tourism in Anthropology Today, 20(3). Note: Introduction to a special issue on tourism Parkin, D., ‘Mementoes as Transitional Objects in Human Displacement’ in Journal of Material Culture, 4(3), 1999

Nelson, Robert and Olin, Margaret (eds). 2003. Monuments and memory, made and unmade. London and Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Note: several useful chapters, particularly Intro, Epilogue, and Elsner.

Nora, P., 1989. Between Memory and History: Lieux de Mémoire. Representations 26(1), pp. 7-25. Norman, K., 2011. Should the UK Be Nominating More World Heritage Sites? O’Neill, M., 2004. Enlightenment Museums – universal or merely global?, Museums and Society

Oliver, P., 2001. Re-Presenting and Representing the Vernacular: The Open-Air Museum. In: N. AlSayyad (ed.), Consuming, tradition, manufacturing heritag : global norms and urban forms in the age of tourism. London:: Routledge, pp. 191-211.

Psarra, Sophia, 2009. Architecture and narrative: the formation of space and cultural. London: Routledge. Note: ‘Victorian Knowledge’, pages 137-158. 

Rapaport, H., 2003. Later Derrida: Reading the Recent Work. London and New York: Routledge, Note: Chapter Three: ‘Archive Trauma’ pp. 75-97.

Reed, A. ‘Of Routes and Roots: Paths for Understanding Diasporic Heritage’ in: Palgrave Handbook of Contemporary Heritage Research by Waterton, E., Watson, S. (eds), 2015, Palgrave Macmillan: England and New York. Rojek, C., ’Indexing., Dragging and the Social Construction of Tourist Sights’ in Touring cultures : transformations of travel and theory by Rojek, Chris, Urry, John, Routledge, 1997   

Roth, Leland M., 1994. Understanding architecture: its elements, history and meaning. London: Icon Editions.

Rowlands, M., “Heritage and Cultural Property.” in The material culture reader by Buchli, Victor, Berg, 2002, pages 105-110   

Rowlands, Michael, “Cultural Rights and Wrongs: Uses of the Concept of Property” in: Property in question : value transformation in the global economy by Verdery, Katherine, Humphrey, Caroline, Berg, 2004, pages 207-226

Ruggles, D. F.& Silverman, H., 2009. From Tangible to Intangible Heritage.  

Sahlins, Marshall, Culture in practice: selected essays, Zone Books, 2000   

Said, E., 2003. Freud and the Non-European. London: Verso.

Samuel, Raphael, 1994. Theatres of memory. Volume 1. London: Verso. Note: Especially read “Semantics and heritage baiting”.

Sebald, W. G., Translated by A. Bell. 2004. On the Natural History of Destruction.. New York: The Modern Library

Singh, Kishore, “UNESCO and Cultural Rights” in Cultural rights and wrongs: a collection of essays in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Unesco, 1998, pages 146-160.


Smith, Laurajane and Akagawa, Natsuko (eds.), 2009. Intangible Heritage. London: Routledge, pp. 13-44.

Starobinski, J., 1966. The idea of nostalgia. Diogenes, 56, pp. 81-103.

Stolcke, V., “Talking Culture: New Boundaries, New Rhetorics of Exclusion in Europe” in Current anthropology, 36 (1), 1995, pages 1-24

Stone, Peter G., Layton, Robert, Thomas, Julian, Destruction and conservation of cultural property, Routledge, 2001. Note: This volume contains a number of papers on Ayodhya and other conflicts.

Stotesbury, J.A. ‘Time, History, Memory: photographic life narratives and the albums of strangers’ in: Temporalities, Autobiography and Everyday Life by Campbell, J., Harbord, J. (eds), 2002, Manchester University Press.

Street, Brian and Hallam, Elizabeth (eds), 2000. Cultural encounters: representing ‘otherness’, London and New York: Routledge. Hallam (eds), Cultural encounters: representing ‘otherness’. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 155-193.

Thomas F. King, 2007. Our Unprotected Heritage – Whitewashing the Destruction of Our Cultural and Natural Environment. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

Tilley, C., “Performing Culture in the Global Village” in Critique of Anthropology, 17, pages 67-89

Tilley, C., 1994. A phenomenology of landscape: places, paths, and monuments. Oxford: Berg Note: ‘Space, place, landscape and perception: phenomenological perspectives pages’, pp. 7-34.

Titchen, S. M., “On the Construction of ‘Outstanding Universal Value’: Some Comments on the Implementation of the 1972 UNESCO World Heritage Convention” in Conservation and management of archaeological sites, 1(4), 1996, pages 235-242

Tolia-Kelly, P., Waterton, E., Watson, S., 2016. Heritage, Affect and Emotion: Politics, Practices and Infrastructures. London: Routledge.   

Tomlinson, J. ‘Globalised Culture: The Triumph of the West?’ in: The City Cultures Reader (second edition) by Miles, M., Hall, T., Borden, I. (eds), 2004, London: Routledge.

Tucker, H. and Carnegie, E., 2014. World heritage and the contradictions of ‘universal value’. Annals of Tourism Research 47, pp. 63–76. 2. Byrne, Denis, 2004. Chartering Heritage in Asia’s Postmodern World. Conservation: The Getty Conservation Institute Newsletter, 19(2).

Urry, J., 1996. How Societies remember the Past. In: S. Macdonald and G. Fyfe (eds). Theorizing museums: representing identity and diversity in a changing world. Malden, MA: Blackwell, pp. 45-65.

Urry, John, Consuming places, Routledge, 1995. Note: Part III & Part IV

Urry, John, The tourist gaze, 2nd Edition, SAGE, 2002. Note: Introduction.

Varvantakis, C., 2009. A Monument to Dismantlement. Memory Studies 2(1), pp. 27-38

Waterton, E. and Watson, S., 2014. The Semiotics of Heritage Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.



Reading List on Others

Selected from UCL Archaeology Department, Critical Perspectives on Cultural Heritage

Adorno, Theodor W., Weber, Shierry, Weber, Samuel, Prisms, 1st Edition, MIT Press, 1981. Note: Valery Proust Museum (pp. 175-185)

Alberti, S., 2005. Objects and the Museum. Isis 96(4), pp. 559-571.

Altick, R.D., 1999. National Monuments. In: J. Evans, and D. Boswell (eds), Representing the nation: a reader: histories, heritage and museums. London: Routledge in association with the Open University, pp. 240-258.

Arnold, K. and Olsen, D., 2003. Medicine man: the forgotten museum of Henry Wellcome. Medical History 47(3), pp. 369-381.

Aziz, H., “A holiday without Alcohol” in Tourism In Focus [Journal of Tourism Concern], 1993

Bal, M., 2007. Exhibition as Film. In: P. Basu and S. Macdonald (eds), Exhibition Experiments. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 71-93.

Bal, Mieke, 1996. The Discourse of the Museum. In: R. Greenberg, B. Ferguson and S. Nairne (eds), Thinking about exhibitions. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 201-218

Barringer, T. J., 1998. South Kensington Museum and the colonial project. IN: T. barringer and T. Flynn (eds), Colonialism and the object: empire, material culture and the museum. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 11-27.

Barthel-Bouchier, D., 2010. Communities of Conflict: Intersection of the global and the local in Cyprus. Museum International 62 (1-2), pp. 37-41.

Basu, P., 2007. The Labyrinthine Aesthetic in Contemporary Museum Design. In: P. Basu and S. Macdonald (eds), Exhibition Experiments. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 47-70.

Basu, P., 2007. The Labyrinthine Aesthetic in Contemporary Museum Design. In: P. Basu and S. Macdonald (eds), Exhibition experiments. Malden MA: Blackwell, pp. 47-70.

Basu, Paul, “Genealogy and heritage tourism in the Scottish diaspora” in Highland homecomings : genealogy and heritage tourism in the Scottish diaspora by Basu, Paul, Routledge, 2007, pages 37- 64

Basu, Paul, Ch 8: “Route metaphors of ‘roots-tourism’ in the Scottish Highlands diaspora.” in Reframing pilgrimage : cultures in motion by Coleman, Simon, Eade, John, Routledge, 2004, pages 150-178

Basu, Paul, Macdonald, Sharon (eds), 2007. Exhibition experiments. Oxford: Blackwell, Note: Introduction.

Baudrillard, J., 1994. The System of Collecting. In: J. Elsner and R. Cardinal (eds), The cultures of collecting. London: Reaktion Books, pp. 7-24.

Bazin, G., 2004. The Museum Age. In: B. Carbonell (Ed.) Museum studies : an anthology of contexts Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell, pp. 15-20.

Bazin, G., 2004. The Museum Age. In: B. Carbonell (ed.), Museum studies: an anthology of contexts Malden, MA: Blackwell, pp. 19-22.

Belk, R., 1995. Collecting in a consumer society. London and New York: Routledge.

Bender, Barbara, Aitken, Paul, Stonehenge : making space, Berg, 1998

Bender, Barbara, Winer, Margot, Contested landscapes : movement, exile and place, Berg, 2001

Benjamin, J., 2014. Sound as Artefact. In: H. Orange, (ed.) Reanimating industrial spaces: conducting memory work in post-industrial societies. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, pp. 108– 124.

Benjamin, W., 1999. Unpacking my Library – A talk about book collecting. In: H. Arendt and W. Benjamin, Illuminations. London: Pimlico, pp. 61-69.

Benjamin, Walter, Illuminations, Pimlico, 1999. Note: Especially Chapter 11 ‘Theses on the Philosophy of History’, pp 245-255

Bennett, Tony, 1995. The birth of the museum: history, theory, politics, London: Routledge. Note: Especially Chapter 2: ‘The Evolutionary Complex’. Chapter 1: ‘The formation of the museum’. Note: ‘The Formation of the Museum’, pp. 17-58. The Exhibitionary Complex. New Formations, 4

Bernal, M., 1987. Black Athena: The Afroasiatic roots of Classical Culture. Vol. 1: The Fabrication of Ancient Greece. London: Verso.

Bernbeck, R. 2010. Heritage Politics: Learning from Mullah Omar? In: R. Boytner, L. Dodd and B.J. Parker (eds), Controlling the Past, Owning the Future. The Political Uses of Archaeology in the Middle East. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, pp. 27-54.

Bhattacharya, Neeladri, Anatomy of a Confrontation: the rise of communal politics in India, London: Zed, 1993

Blacksin, I., 2013. Contested Terrain: Development, Identity and the Destruction of an Ancient City in Afghanistan. Kyoto Journal 77.

Blackwell, 1993 Burström, Mats. 2009. Garbage or heritage: Existential Dimension of a Car Cemetery. In: Cornelius Holtorf and Angela Piccini (eds). Contemporary Archaeologies: Excavating Now. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 131-143.

Blegvad, Peter, 2003. The Phantom Museum and Henry Wellcome’s collection of medical curiosities, London: Profile.

Boast, R, 2007 Return to Babel: Emergent diversity, digital resources, and local knowledge. The Information Society. 23(5): 395-403.

Bolton, L., 2006. The Museum as Cultural Agent: The Vanuatu Cultural Centre Extension Worker Program. In: C. Healy and A. Witcomb (ed.), South Pacific museums: experiments in culture. Clayton, Vic.: Monash University Press, pp. 1-13.

Bolton, L., 2007. Resourcing Change: Fieldworkers, the Women’s Culture Project and the Vanuatu Cultural Centre. In: N. Stanley (ed.), The future of indigenous museums perspectives from the Southwest Pacific. Oxford: Berghahn Books, pp. 23-37.

Bolton, L., 2008. Living and Dying: Ethnography, Class, and Aesthetics in the British Museum. In: D. Sherman (ed.), Museums and difference. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 330-353.

Bordage, R., ‘Sachsenhausen: A Floored Museum’ in Museum international, 45(1), 26-31

Borden, I. ‘A Performative Critique of the City: The Urban Practice of Skateboarding, 1958-98’ in: The City Cultures Reader (second edition) by Miles, M., Hall, T., Borden, I. (eds), 2004, London: Routledge. Brown

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